Frequently Asked Questions

QUESTION: What are the typical duties of a Building Inspector?

ANSWER: Permits are the first step in the building approval process. Inspections are the second step, ensuring that quality work was performed. The contractor must request that the City perform the property inspections at the proper stages of the project. Building inspectors make professional judgments about whether a building meets specific building code requirements. Cities, townships or counties typically employ building inspectors with most inspectors consequently holding multiple ICC certifications.

QUESTION: What inspections usually take place for Residential and Commercial construction. Furthermore, what types of ICC Certification is required to perform them?

ANSWER: Residential Inspection

  • UNDERGROUND PLUMBING and ELECTRICAL INSPECTION. (P1 Residential Plumbing Inspector and/or E1 Residential Electrical Inspector)
  • FOUNDATION – SLAB, ON GRADE or RAISED FLOOR INSPECTION. Performed after all excavations for footings are complete, concrete forms and required reinforcing steel and hardware are in place, and any under floor plumbing and electrical is done. (Inspection for compliance – B1 Residential Building Inspector)
  • GIRDER and UNDER-FLOOR INSPECTION. (Raised Floor Only): Scheduled after all under-floor framing, plumbing, HVAC, and wiring are complete and prior to the installation of the insulation. (Inspection for compliance – B1 Residential Building Inspector)
  • UNDER-FLOOR INSULATION. (Raised Floor Only): Scheduled after floor insulation is installed but prior to installation of the sub-floor. (Inspection for compliance – B1 Residential Building Inspector)
  • SHEAR/ROOF SHEATHING INSPECTION. After roof sheathing is complete, structural wall panels and any associated hardware are in place, and windows are installed. (Inspection for compliance – B1 Residential Building Inspector)
  • ELECTRICAL INSPECTION. After wiring and electrical systems installation. (Inspection for compliance – E1 Residential Electrical Inspector)
  • MECHANICAL INSPECTION. After Mechanical and HVAC systems installation. (Inspection for compliance – M1 Residential Mechanical Inspector)
  • FRAMING INSPECTION. (Above Floor): After the electrical, mechanical and plumbing has been inspected and approved. (Inspection for compliance – B1 Residential Building Inspector)
  • INSULATION INSPECTION. After the framing, electrical, mechanical and plumbing has been inspected and approved. (Inspection for compliance – B1 Residential Building Inspector)
  • ELECTRIC and/or GAS METER RELEASE. Before the final building inspection, A building inspector will perform the meter release inspection(s) (E1 Electrical Residential Inspector and/or P1 Residential Plumbing  Inspector)
  • FINAL INSPECTION. After the electrical, mechanical and plumbing systems have passed final inspection, the building inspector can inspect for total completeness and final the permit. After final inspection approval, the building is ready for occupation. (B1 Residential Building Inspector)

ANSWER: Commercial Building Inspection

  • UNDERGROUND PLUMBING and/or ELECTRICAL INSPECTION. (P2 Commercial Plumbing Inspector or E2 Commercial Electrical inspector)
  • FOUNDATION – SLAB, ON GRADE or RAISED FLOOR INSPECTION. After all excavations for footings are complete, concrete forms and required reinforcing steel and hardware are in place, and any under floor plumbing and electrical is done. (Inspection for compliance – B2 Commercial Building Inspector)
  • GIRDER and or UNDER-FLOOR INSPECTION. (Raised Floor Only): Scheduled after all under-floor framing, plumbing, HVAC, and wiring are complete and prior to the installation of the insulation. (Inspection for compliance – B2 Commercial Building Inspector)
  • UNDER-FLOOR INSULATION. (Raised Floor Only): Scheduled after floor insulation is installed but prior to installation of the sub-floor. (Inspection for compliance – B2 Commercial Building Inspector)
  • SHEAR/ROOF SHEATHING INSPECTION. After roof sheathing is complete, structural wall panels and any associated hardware are in place, and windows are installed. (Inspection for compliance – B2 Commercial Building Inspector)
  • ELECTRICAL INSPECTION. After wiring and electrical systems installation. (Inspection for compliance – E2 Commercial Electrical Inspector)
  • MECHANICAL INSPECTION. After Mechanical and HVAC systems installation. (Inspection for compliance – M2 Commercial Mechanical Inspector)
  • FRAMING INSPECTION (Above Floor): After the electrical, mechanical and plumbing has been inspected and approved. (Inspection for compliance – B2 Commercial Building Inspector)
  • INSULATION INSPECTION. After the framing, electrical, mechanical and plumbing has been inspected and approved. (Inspection for compliance – B2 Commercial Building Inspector)
  • ELECTRIC and or GAS METER RELEASE: Before the final building inspection, A building inspector will perform the meter release inspection(s) (E2 Commercial Electrical inspector or P2 Commercial Plumbing Inspector)
  • FINAL INSPECTION: After the electrical, mechanical and plumbing systems have passed final inspection, the building inspector can inspect for total completeness and final the permit. After final inspection approval, the building is ready for occupation. (B2 Commercial Building Inspector)

QUESTION: Which ICC exam(s) should I take?

ANSWER: The B1 Residential or B2 Commercial Building Inspector exam. However, to perform multiple types of inspections as well as to receive the highest possible salary you should hold multiple certifications.

  • To perform all residential code inspections, you need to possess the ICC B1, M1, P1, and E1 Residential inspector certifications.
  • To perform all commercial code inspections, you need to possess the ICC B2, M2, P2, and E2, Commercial inspector certifications.

However, many employers will hire you if you have only a B1 Residential or B2 Commercial certification. To maximize your flexibility we recommend you possess both the B1 Residential and B2 Commercial Inspector certificates.

QUESTION: Who is eligible to take the ICC “International Code Council” (B1, B2), (M1, M2), (P1, P2) or (E1, E2) Residential, or Commercial Building Inspector Certification Exams?

ANSWER: Anyone over the age of 18 is eligible to become a Certified ICC Building Inspector. Moreover, construction experience is not required. Consequently, many contractors tradespeople & real estate agents have dramatically increased their earning potential by gaining ICC inspector certification.

QUESTION: What will I experience when I take my exam?

ANSWER: The B1, M1, P1, and E1 Residential Building Inspector Certification exams are open-book exams. Each exam consists of 60 multiple-choice questions and requires a minimum passing score of 75 percent. You have 2 hours to complete the test & must have a copy of the 2015 or 2018 IRC depending on which exam you are taking.

The B2 Commercial Building Inspector Certification exam is an open-book exam. The exam consists of 80 multiple-choice questions and requires a minimum passing score of 75 percent. You have 3.5 hours to complete the test. You must have a copy of the 2015 or 2018 IBC, and the ACI318-14 with commentary depending on which test you are taking.

The M2 Commercial Mechanical Inspector Certification exam is an open-book exam. The exam consists of 50 multiple-choice questions and requires a minimum passing score of 75 percent. You have 2 hours to complete the test. You must have a copy of the 2015 or 2018 IMC and 2015 or 2018 IFGC, depending on which test you are taking.

The P2 Commercial Plumbing Inspector Certification exam is an open-book exam. The exam consists of 60 multiple-choice questions and requires a minimum passing score of 75 percent. You have 2.5 hours to complete the test. You must have a copy of the 2015 or 2018 IPC, 2015 or 2018 IFGC, and the ICC A117.1-2009 Accessible and Usable Buildings and Facilities, depending on which test you are taking.

The E2 Commercial Electrical Inspector Certification exams is an open-book exam. The exam consists of 80 multiple-choice questions and requires a minimum passing score of 75 percent. You have 3.5 hours to complete the test. You must have a copy of the 2014 or 2017 NEC depending on which test you are taking.

QUESTION: What are the exam topics?

ANSWER: Depending on which ICC exam you are taking, exam topics and study programs change. For detailed information, select the type of ICC certification you wish to acquire.

QUESTION: Why should someone study when the ICC Building Inspector Exams are open-book tests?

ANSWER: The ICC codebooks are large and complex publications. Consequently, it is difficult to locate every correct answer in the time allocated during the exam. However, our courses help familiarize you with ICC and NEC Code Books, so you know exactly how to quickly find the right answers.

We thoroughly cover each of the subjects appearing on the ICC Building Inspector Exams.

QUESTION: Why is an original copy of the 2015/2018 IRC, IBC or other ICC Code book required for these courses?

ANSWER: These courses are an excellent study companion to the ICC Codebooks. These courses additionally make frequent references to code sections and guide you through the exam topics. However, it does not reprint entire code sections. More importantly, the ICC Building Inspector Exams are open-book tests. You may reference original tabbed copies of the ICC codebooks while taking your exam.

QUESTION: Where do I take my exam?

ANSWER: Take your exam at home via the PRONTO ICC Online Exam Portal. Additionally, you can take it at any Pearson Vue Testing Center as well.

QUESTION: What are PRONTO online exams?

ANSWER: Exam Administration Process: Proctored Online Testing Option (PRONTO) is the ICC at home online testing system. In short, the PRONTO system allows you to take the exam at your home or office and on your schedule.